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高二英语语法专练(含答案分析)

   日期:2020-11-13     来源:www.zhixueshuo.com    作者:智学网    浏览:397    评论:0    
核心提示:  今天,我们为大伙整理了高二英语语法专练(含答案分析),一块儿看看!更多内容尽请关注学习技巧网!    高二英语语法训

  今天,我们为大伙整理了高二英语语法专练(含答案分析),一块儿看看!更多内容尽请关注学习技巧网!

  

  高二英语语法训练题

  

  Ⅰ.单项填空

  

  1.________ not to miss the flight at 15∶20,the manager set out for the airport in a hurry.

  

  A.Reminding          B.Reminded

  

  C.To remind D.Having reminded

  

  分析:选B.句意:有人提醒经理不要错过15∶20的航班,他匆忙出发去了机场。本题考查非谓语动词作状语。主句主语the manager与remind之间的关系为逻辑上的动宾关系,故排除A、C、D三项,由于这三项表主动,而只有B项表被动。

  

  2.Dina,________ for months to find a job as a waitress,finally took a position at a local advertising agency.

  

  A.struggling B.struggled

  

  C.having struggled D.to struggle

  

  分析:选C.此处分词短语作时间状语,其逻辑主语Dina与struggle为主动关系,故排除B项。由句中的finally可知非谓语动词表示的动作发生在句中谓语took a position之前,故用目前分词的完成主动式。

  

  3.________ the right kind of training,these teenage soccer players may one day grow into international stars.

  

  A.Giving B.Having given

  

  C.To give D.Given

  

  分析:选D.考查非谓语动词。假如把句子补充完整应该是:If they are given the right kind of training,可知主语they即these teenage soccer players与give之间是被动关系,所以用过去分词。而A、B、C三项都不表示被动含义。

  

  4.________ many times,he finally understood it.

  

  A.Told B.Telling

  

  C.Having told D.Having been told

  

  分析:选D.考查非谓语动词。tell与主语之间的关系是被动关系,故排除表示主动意义的B项和C项。由状语many times可知tell这一动作在谓语动词understand之前发生过多次,所以用having been done来表示被动和完成。

  

  5.________ by the advances in technology,many farmers have set up wind farms on their land.

  

  A.Being encouraged B.Encouraging

  

  C.Encouraged D.Having encouraged

  

  分析:选C.考查非谓语动词。因为主语many farmers和作状语的encourage之间是被动关系,排除表示主动意义的B项和D项。而being encouraged除表示被动外,还表示进行。农民们显然不是正在受到科技进步的激励,故排除A项。

  

  6.________ in 1636,Harvard is one of the most famous universities in the United States.

  

  A.Being founded B.It was founded

  

  C.Founded D.Founding

  

  分析:选C.剖析句子结构可知应选考查非谓语动词形式作状语的,排除B项,另外found与Harvard之间为被动关系,应用过去分词形式作状语,故选C.

  

  7.________ as the First Lady of Speech,Dr Lillian Glass is recognized as one of the worlds leading experts on communication skills.

  

  A.Knowing B.Having known

  

  C.Known D.To be known

  

  分析:选C. be known as被叫做。Dr Lillian Glass与know之间为被动关系,应用过去分词形式作状语。A、B表主动,应排除;D项表以后,也可排除。

  

  8.________ more attention,the trees could have grown better.

  

  A.Given B.To give

  

  C.Giving D.Having given

  

  分析:选A.考查分词作状语。句子主语the trees与give之间是被动关系,而四个选项中只有A项表示被动意义,故答案选A.Given more attention像是一个条件状语从句If the trees were given more attention.

  

  9.________ in thought,he almost ran into the car in front of him.

  

  A.Losing B.Having lost

  

  C.Lost D.To lose

  

  分析:选C.考查分词作状语。句意:因为陷入沉思,他差一点撞到前面的车上。be lost in thought为固定搭配,意为陷入沉思。过去分词短语lost in thought在句中作缘由状语。

  

  10.The research is so designed that once ________ nothing can be done to change it.

  

  A.begins B.having begun

  

  C.beginning D.begunw

  

  分析:选D.考查分词作状语。句意:这项调查研究事先计划的这样完好,以至于一旦开始,什么也没办法改变它。begin与research之间是被动关系,排除表示主动意义的A、B、C三项。once begun在句中作条件状语,它是状语从句once it is begun的省略形式。

  

  11.Generally speaking,________ according to the directions,the drug has no side effect.

  

  A.when taking B.when taken

  

  C.when to take D.when to be taken

  

  分析:选B.考查分词作状语。完整的说法应是when the drug is taken according to the directions。因为主句的主语和从句的主语相同,因此可以省略从句的主语the drug和谓语的一部分is,故答案为B.

  

  12.________ into use in April,2000,the hotline was meant for residents reporting water and heating supply breakdowns.

  

  A.Put B.Putting

  

  C.Having put D.Being put

  

  分析:选A.考查过去分词作状语。句子的主语是the hotline与put into use投入用存在被动关系,排除表示主动的B项和C项。D项表示正在投入用,不符合语境。

  

  13.In order not to be found,I spent the whole night ________ in my room.

  

  A.locking B.locked

  

  C.to lock D.lock

  

  分析:选B.考查过去分词作状语。句意:为了不被找到,我整晚上都把自身锁在我们的房间里。lock的逻辑主语I和lock之间存在被动关系,故用过去分词作随着状语。本题易受spend doing sth.句型的影响,易误选A.其实我并非把整晚上的时间都用在了锁这一动作上,故排除A.

  

  14.________,liquids can be changed into gases.

  

  A.Heating B.To be heated

  

  C.Heated D.Heat

  

  分析:选C.考查过去分词作状语。句意:被加热时,液体可以变成气体。因为对于液体来讲是加热的承受者,是被动的,因而选C.A项表示主动,B项表示目的,D项是谓语动词的形式。

  

  15.Unless ________ to speak,you should remain silent at the conference.

  

  A.invited B.inviting

  

  C.being invited D.having invited

  

  分析:选A.考查过去分词作状语。句意:除非受到邀请讲话,不然在大会上你应该维持沉默。invite与you之间是被动关系,排除B、D.being invited表示正在受到邀请,不符合语境。

  

  Ⅱ.句型转换

  

  1.If I am offered great help,I can get rid of all the difficulties.

  

  ________ ________ ________,I can get rid of all the difficulties.

  

  答案:Offered great help

  

  2.Because she was frightened,she asked me to go with her.

  

  ________,she asked me to go with her.

  

  答案:Frightened

  

  3.If he is given time,hell make a first?class tennis player.________________,hell make a first?class tennis player.

  

  答案:Given time

  

  4.He stood there silently,and he was moved to tears.

  

  He stood there silently,________________________.

  

  答案:moved to tears

  

  5.When they were first introduced to the market,these products enjoyed great success.

  

  When first ________________________________,these products enjoyed great success.

  

  答案:introduced to the market

  

  高二英语语法分析:状语从句

  

  一、时间状语从句

  

  表示时间的状语从句可由when, as, while, whenever, after, before, till , since, once, as soon as , by the time, no sooner than, hardly when, every time等引导。

  

  e.g. When I came into the office, the teachers were having a meeting.

  

  He started as soon as he received the news.

  

  once you see him, you will never forget him.

  

  No sooner had I gone to bed than I went to sleep.

  

  二、缘由状语从句

  

  缘由状语从句是表示缘由或理由的,引导这种从句的最常见的连词是because, since, as , now that等,for 表示因果关系时为并列连词,语气不如because强。

  

  e.g. He is disappointed because he didnt get the position.

  

  As it is raining, I will not go out.

  

  Now that you mention it, I do remember.

  

  三、地址状语从句

  

  引导地址状语从句的连词是where 和wherever等。

  

  e.g. Sit wherever you like.

  

  Make a mark where you have a question.

  

  四、目的状语从句

  

  引导目的状语从句最常见的词是so, so that, in order that, in case等。

  

  e.g. Speak clearly, so that they may understand you.

  

  She has bought the book in order that she could follow the TV lessons.

  

  He left early in case he should miss the train.

  

  五、结果状语从句

  

  结果状语从句是表示事态结果的从句,一般主句是缘由,从句是结果。由so that, so that, such that等引导。

  

  e.g. She was ill, so that she didnt attend the meeting.

  

  He was so excited that he could not say a word.

  

  She is such a good teacher that everyone admires her.

  

  六、条件状语从句

  

  条件状语从句分真实性与非真实性条件句。引导条件状语从句的词主要有if, unless, so long as, on condition that, so far as, if only 。注意:条件从句中的if 不可以用whether替换。

  

  e.g. If he is not in the office, he must be out for lunch.

  

  You may borrow the book so long as you keep it clean.

  

  So far as I know, he will be away for three months.

  

  You can go swimming on condition that you dont go too far away from the river bank.

  

  If he had come a few minutes earlier, he could have seen her.

  

  七、让步状语从句

  

  让步状语从句可由although, though, as, even if , however, whatever, whether or, no matter who 等引导。注意:as引导的让步状语从句一般是倒装的。

  

  e.g. Though he is a child, he knows a lot.

  

  Child as he is, he knows a lot.

  

  Whatever you say, Ill never change my mind.

  

  八、方法状语从句

  

  方法状语从句常由as, as if , the way, rather than等引导。

  

  e.g. You must do the exercise as I show you.

  

  He acted as if nothing had happened.

  

  高二英语语法分析:名词性从句

  

  一、引导名词性从句的连接词

  

  1. 连接代词:who, whose, whom, what, which.有词义,在从句中担任成分,如主语、表语、宾语、或定语等。

  

  2. 连接副词:when, where, why, how.有词义,在从句中担任成分,作状语。

  

  3. 连接词:that, whether, if, as if.that 无词义,在从句中不担任成分,有时可省略;if , as if虽有词义,但在从句中不担任成分。

  

  注意:连接代词与连接副词在句中不再是疑问句,因而从句中谓语不需要疑问式。连接代词与连接副词在从句充当句子成分,连接词whether 和if,as if在从句中不充当句子成分,只起连接用途。依据句义,假如连接代词与连接副词,whether、if 和as if都用不上时,才用that作连接词。

  

  二、主语从句

  

  1. 主语从句在复合句作主语。

  

  e.g. Who will go is not important.

  

  2. 用it作形式主语,主语从句放在句末。

  

  e.g. It doesnt matter so much whether you will come or not.

  

  3. that引导主语从句时,不可以省略。

  

  e.g. That he suddenly fell ill last week made us surprised.

  

  三、表语从句

  

  1. 表语从句在复合句中作表语,坐落于系动词之后。

  

  e.g. The question was who could go there.

  

  2. 引导表语从句的连接词that有时可省去。

  

  e.g. My idea is we can get more comrades to help in the work.

  

  四、宾语从句

  

  1. 宾语从句在复合句中作宾语。引导宾语从句的连词that一般可省略。

  

  e.g. I hope everything is all right.

  

  2. 介词之后的宾语从句,不可用which或if连接,要分别用what或 whether.

  

  e.g. Im interested in whether youve finished the work

  

  Im interested in what youve said.

  

  3. whether与if都可以引导宾语从句,常可互换。但下面状况不可以互换。

  

  宾语从句是不是定句时,只用if,不需要whether.

  

  e.g. I wonder if it doesnt rain.

  

  用if 会引起误解,就要用whether.

  

  e.g. Please let me know whether you want to go.

  

  宾语从句中的whether 与or not直接连用,就不可以换成if;不直接连用,可换。

  

  e.g. I dont know whether or not the report is true.

  

  I dont know whether/ if the report is true or not.

  

  介词后的宾语从句要用whether引导。whether 可与不定式连用。whether也可引导主语从句、表语从句、同位语从句,还可引导让步状语从句,以上均不可以换成if.但引导条件从句时,只可以用if,而不可以用whether.

  

  e.g. It depends on whether we have enough time.

  

  They dont know whether to go there.

  

  Please come to see me if you have time.

  

  五、同位语从句

  

  同位语从句在句中作某一名词的同位语,一般坐落于该名词之后,说明该名词的具体内容。

  

  e.g. I have no idea when he will be back.

  

  The fact that he had not said anything surprised everybody.

  

  高二英语语法分析:同位语从句

  

  1.概念:用作同位语的从句叫做同位语从句。

  

  2.使用方法:同位语从句的先行词多为fact, news, idea, thought, question, reply, report, remark等,关联词多用从属连词that.如:

  

  They were all very much worried over the fact that you were sick.

  

  对你生病这件事,他们都非常焦虑。

  

  Where did you get the idea that I could not come?

  

  你在什么地方听说我不可以来?

  

  Early in the day came the news that Germany had declared war on Russia.

  

  德国已对俄国宣战的消息一大早就传来了。

  

  注:同位语从句偶尔由从属连词whether引导。如:

  

  I have no idea whether hell come or not. 我不知晓他是不是来。

  

  连接代词who, which, what和连接副词where, when, why, how亦可引导同位语从句。

  

  The question who should do the work requires consideration.

  

  哪个该干这项工作,这个问题需要分析。

  

  We havent yet settled the question where we are going to spend our summer vacation.

  

  到什么地方去度暑假,这个问题大家还没决定。

  

  It is a question how he did it.

  

  那是一个他怎么样做了此事的问题。

  

  讲解:

  

  1.that引导的同位语从句与定语从句之不同

  

  that引导的同位语从句

  

  that引导的定语从句

  

  句法功能上

  

  that只起连接从句有哪些用途,无意义。在从句中不充当句子成分。不可省。

  

  that替代先行词在从句中不只起连接用途,还充当一个句子成分。如在从句中作动词的宾语时可省略。

  

  如:The news that Mr. Li will be our new English teacher is true.

  

  李先生将是大家的新英语老师这个消息是真的。

  

  The news he told me yesterday is true.

  

  他昨天告诉我的消息是真的。

  

  2.一些表示建议、命令、需要的名词后所跟的同位语从句中,谓语动词用虚拟语气should+动词原形表示。should可省。如:

  

  This is our only request that this be settled as soon as possible.

  

  这就是大家唯一的请求:尽快解决这个问题。

  

  我们就和大伙就推荐到这,期望对您有所帮,祝同学们学习进步。

 
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